CALENDER OF EVENTS – WORLD WAR ONE
THE WORLD AT WAR – a chronological list of events, BIG and small.
This list has been complied from MANY sources over the last 10 years. Some sources disagreed on particular dates of an event so we took the date that was in the majority. If you find a glaring error, please advise us. Every time we read a book and saw an interesting event with date, we entered it. It is an ONGOING effort and will continue as I read books.
This is for the reader’s enjoyment.
Richard H. Keller
Important events prior to August 1914
June 28, 1914: Archduke Francis Ferdinand, heir to throne of Austria-Hungary, and his wife, are assassinated in Sarajevo, Bosnia,
July 28, 1914: Austria declares war on Serbia.
July 29, 1914: Russia mobilization ordered.
August 1, 1914: Germany declares war on Russia, France & Germany mobilization ordered.
August 2, 1914: Germany demands free passage through Belgium, occupies Luxembourg, French fliers throw bombs in Nurnberg neighborhood.
August 3, 1914: Belgium rejects Germany’s demand for passage, France declares war on Germany, Germany declares war on France. German cruiser “Augsburg” shells Libau, and cruisers “Goeben” and Breslau” bombard Algerian ports.
August 4, 1914: Belgium & Great Britian declare war on Germany & Germany declares war on Belgium. Troops under Gen. Von Kluck cross Belgium Border, halted at Liege. Kitchener becomes Secretary of War. U.S.declares neutrality.
August 5, 1914: President Wilson tenders offices of United States in interest of peace. Austrians bombard Belgrade.
August 6, 1914: Austria declares war on Russia, Serbia declares war on Germany. Germans occupy Briey near Metz.
August 7, 1914: Russia declares war on Germany, French forces invade Alsace, Gen. Joffre given supreme command of French Army. BEF lands at Ostend, Calais and Dunkirk. Germans take Liege by storm.
August 8, 1914: Montenegro declares war on Austria. British seize Togoland.
August 9, 1914: Austria declares war on Montenegro, Montenegro declares war on Germany. 4000 Belgium prisoners taken at Liege. British air cross channel patrols instituted for protection of transports.
August 10, 1914: French Vosges offensive begins.
August 11, 1914: German cruisers Goeben and Breslau enter Dardanelles and are purchased by Turkey.
August 12, 1914: France & Great Britian declare war on Austria.
August 13, 1914: English attack on Daressalam. RFC squadrons 2-5(56 aircraft) fly from Dover to Amiens.
August 15, 1914: Liege forts reduced by “Big Bertha” 42CM guns.
August 16, 1914: French defeated at Morhange, British (BEF) lands in France, Russia advanced in East Prussia.
August 17, 1914: Belgium capital removed from Brussels to Antwerp. Russians defeated at Stalluponen.
August 18, 1914: Submarine “U-15” sunk by English .
August 19, 1914: Canadian parliament authorizes raising expeditionary force. First air reconnaissances by RFC.
August 20, 1914: Germans occupy Brussels, French lose 10,000 prisoners in the Vosges/Metz area.
August 22, 1914: Start of British battle of Mons & Charleroi. First air-combat, British air casualties, and aircraft shot down.
August 23, 1914: Japan declares war on Germany.
August 24, 1914: Germans enter France near Lille, British and French defeated.
August 25, 1914: Namur falls to Germans. First German aeroplanes shot down by RFC, first British aeroplane patrols.
August 26, 1914: Louvain sacked and burned by the Germans, Viviani becomes premier of France.
August 27, 1914: Austria declares war on Japan, German victory at Tannenburg over Russia. Eastchurch(RNAS) squadron flies to Ostend.
August 28, 1914: Austria declares war on Belgium. British fleet sinks three German cruisers and two destroyers off Heligoland. Germans make first organized bombing raid on Compiegne.
August 29, 1914: Russians invest Konigsberg, East Prussia. New Zealanders seize German Samoa.
August 30, 1914: Amiens occupied by Germans.
August 31, 1914: Russian army of invasion in East Prussia defeated at Tannenberg by Germans under Von Hindenburg. St.Petersburg changed to Petrograd by Imperial decree.
September 1, 1914: French forces defeated between Verdun and Reims. RNAS establishes base at Dunkirk.
September 2, 1914: Russians take Lemburg, bank of Paris is moved to Bordeaux, German fliers appear over Paris.
September 3, 1914: German cavalry patrols sighted at Ecouen, 8 miles from Paris. Paris placed in state of siege, government transferred to Bordeaux. Forts around Soissons fall to Germans.
September 4, 1914: Germans occupy Rheims without a battle, Pact of London signed(Great Brtian, France, Russia declare not to make a separate peace w/Germany).
September 6, 1914: Battle of Marne begins after French Army moves to front in taxi-cabs, etc.
September 7, 1914: Maubeuge falls to Germans with 40,000 prisoners.
September 8, 1914: Germans withdraw from Ourcq river, English cruiser “Pathfinder” sunk by mine in North Sea.
September 9, 1914: Japanes fliers throw bombs on Tsingtau.
September 10, 1914: Von Klick defeated by Gen. Joffre, Germans retreat to Soissons-Rheims line. German cruiser carries out raids in Bay of Bengal.
September 14, 1914: French re-occupy Amiens and Rheims.
September 15, 1914: Germans take Amiens, Crown Prinz establishes his headquarters at the Citadel, and billets at the Hotel de l’Univers. First Aisne battle begins. First aerial photographs taken of German positions.
September 16, 1914: Russians driven from East Prussia.
September 19, 1914: British forces begin operations in Southwest Africa.
September 20, 1914: Rheims cathedral shelled by Germans.
September 21, 1914: Three British cruisers sunk by submarines. First British air raid on Germany, airship shed at Dusseldorf. First use of wireless from aeroplane to artillery(RFC).
September 24, 1914: Allies occupy Perrone.
September 25, 1914: Australians seize German New Guinea.
September 29, 1914: Anglo-French forces invade German colony of Kamerun. Antwerp bombardment begins.
October 2, 1914: British Admiralty announces intentions to mine North Sea areas.
October 6, 1914: Japan seizes Marshall Islands in Pacific. German begin shelling Arras, killing many civilians.
October 8, 1914: RNAS raid on Cologne and Dusseldorf Zeppelin Z9 destroyed in its shed.
October 9, 1914: Antwerp surrenders to Germans, Belgium government moves to Ostend.
October 13, 1914: British occupy Ypres.
October 14, 1914: CEF lands forces at Plymouth.
October 15, 1914: Great Britain declares war on Bulgaria. Germans occupy Ostend, Belgium Government moved to Havre, France.
October 16, 1914: First battle of Ypres begins.
October 21, 1914: Sale of alcohol forbidden in Russian until war ends.
October 24, 1914: Falkenhayn made German chief of staff.
November 1, 1914: British cruisers Monmouth and Good Hope are sunk by German squadron off Chile.
November 3, 1914: Russia declares war on Turkey.
November 5, 1914: France & Great Britian declare war on Turkey, Cypress annexed by Great Britain.
November 7, 1914: German garrison at Tsingtau, Shantung, China surrenders to Japanese.
November 9, 1914: German cruiser Emden sunk by Australian cruiser Sydney off the Cocos Iskand, soutwest of Java, Austria invades Serbia.
November 11, 1914: First battle of Ypres ends.
November 12, 1914: Circular distinguishing mark replaces Union Jack on British Aircraft.
November 16, 1914: Prohibition of sales of intoxicatants in Russia enforced.
November 21, 1914: RNAS raid from Belfort on Zeppelin sheds at Friedrichshafen.
November 23, 1914: Turkey declares war on the Allies, Portugal against Germany(Resoultion passed authorizing military intervention as ally of England).
November 27, 1914: Czernowitz, capital of Bukowina, captured by Russians.
November 29, 1914: RFC in France organized int 1st and 2nd wings.
December 2, 1914: Serbia declares war on Turkey, Belgrade occupied by Austrians.
December 3, 1914: Cracow bombarded by Russians.
December 8, 1914: Off the Falkland Islands, British naval squadron sinks three of the German cruisers that sunk the Monmouth and Good Hope, only the Dresden escapes.
December 9, 1914: French government returns to Paris.
December 14, 1914: Austrians evacuate Belgrade.
December 16, 1914: German squadron bombards Hartlepool, Scarborough and Whitby on the coast of England.
December 23, 1914: Siege of Cracow raised, Russians retire.
December 24, 1914: First German air raid on England near Dover.
December 25, 1914: British seaplane raid on Cuxhaven first use of seaplane carriers in war.
January 6, 1915: Sale of absinthe forbiden in France during the war.
January 19, 1915: First airship raid on England(L.3 and L.4).
January 20, 1915: British fleet sinks battle cruiser Blucher and drives away German fleet in the North Sea.
January 25, 1915: Second Russian invasion of Prussia begins.
January 26, 1915: American bark, “William P. Frye”, sunk by German cruiser “Prinz Eitel Friedrich” in South Atlantic.
February 10, 1915: Russians defeated by Germans in Battle of Masurian Lakes. U.S. sends note to Germany holding it to “strict accountability” for destruction or loss of it’s ships and U.S. lives.
February 11, 1915: Germans begin submarine blockade of British Isles.
February 17, 1915: LZ 24 German Airship lost in forced landing on Fano Island, Denmark, 16 men interned.
February 18, 1915: Official German notice of “war zone blockade” of Britain.
February 19, 1915: R.N.A.S aircraft assist at bombardment of Dardanelles forts.
February 20, 1915: U.S. sends note to Great Britian and Germany regarding conduct of naval warfare.
February 21, 1915: Zeppelin L.Z.77 brought down at 9:15 PM near Revigny by a French 75MM truck mounted anti-aircraft battery. First night raid by one aircraft over England.
February 25, 1915: Allied fleet destroys outer forts of Dardanelles.
March 1, 1915: British announce blockade of Germany.
March 2, 1915: Allied troops land at Kum-Kale, on Asiatic side of the Dardanelles.
March 10, 1915: British troops take Neuve Chapelle in Flanders battle, using plan based on aerial photographs, using air bombing to disorganize reinforcements, battery ranging from air by wireless, and first attempt at air “contact” patrols.
March 14, 1915: German cruiser Dresden is sunk by British squadron of the coast of Chile.
March 15, 1915: First British merchant ship attacked at sea by aircraft.
March 16, 1915: Second battle of Ypres begins.
March 22, 1915: Austrian fortress of Przemysl surrenders to Russians.
March 27, 1915: H.M.S. MANICA, carring first British kite balloon used in war, sent to Dardanelles.
March 28, 1915: British “Falaba” sunk by submarine, 1 American killed.
April 17-22, 1915: Capture of Hill 60, British air patrols result in surprise of enemy.
April 22, 1915: Germans use poison gas in attack on Canadians & French forces at Ypres, Belgium.
April 28, 1915: American ship “Cushing” attacked by German aeroplane.
May 1, 1915: American steamer Gulflight torpedoed off Sicily Isles by German submarine, 3 lives lost. German Embassy warns against British ships embarking for Great Britian during blockade. At 12:20 P.M. “Lusitania” set sail.
May 2, 1915: British South Africa troops under General Botha capture Otymbinque, German Southwest Africa.
May 3, 1915: German victory over Russians in battle of Dunajec.
May 5, 1915: LZ 33 German airship lost in forced landind at Tirlemont after gunfire damage over Nieuport during attempted raid on England.
May 7, 1915: Germans capture Libau, Russian Baltic port, Lusitania, Cunard ocean liner, sunk by German submarine off Kinsale Head, Irish coast, with loss of 1154 lives, 114 of which are Americans.
May 8, 1915: Germans occupy Libau, Russian Baltic port.
May 10, 1915: German message on loss of American lives in “Lusitania horror”.
May 12, 1915: General Botha’s South African troops occupied German capital of Southwest Africa.
May 13, 1915: America sends note protesting against German submarine methods.
May 17, 1915: Second battle of Ypres ends.
May 18, 1915: Portugal declares war on Germany(Military aid granted)
May 19, 1915: Italy declares war on Austria.
May 24, 1915: San Marino declares war on Austria, Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary and begins invasion on 60-mile front. American steamer Nebraskan torpedoed by German submarine off Irish coast, but reaches Liverpool safely.
May 25, 1915: American ship “Nebraskan” attacked by submarine.
May 28, 1915: Germany answers U.S. note of May 13th.
May 29, 1915: German Zepplins bombard suburbs of London
June 1, 1915: Germans apologize for attack on Gulflight and offer reparations.
June 2, 1915: Italians cross Isonzo river.
June 3, 1915: Austrians recapture Przemysl. British forces operating on Tigris capture Kut-el-Amara.
June 4-6, 1915: German aircraft bomb English towns.
June 7, 1915: Bryan, U.S.Secretay of State resigns.
June 9, 1915: U.S. sends second note on “Lusitania” sinking.
June 10, 1915: Allied aircraft bomb Karlsruhe, Baden in retaliation for German air raids.
June 22, 1915: Lemberg recaptured by Austrians.
June 23, 1915: Montenegrins enter Scutari, Albania.
July 8, 1915: German’s answer June 9th U.S. note pledging safety to U.S. vessels in war zone under “specified conditions”.
July 9, 1915: German Southwest Africa surrenders to British South African troops under Gen. Botha.
July 15, 1915: German note expressing regret for attack on U.S. ship “Nebraskan”.
July 16, 1915: U.S sends third note on “Lusitania” sinking declaring that Germany’s note of July “very unsatisfactory”.
July 24, 1915: Germans first use flame throwers at Hooge Crater.
July 25, 1915: American steamer, Leelanaw, Archangel to Belfast with flax, torpedoed off Scotland, no lives lost Baden bombarded by French aircraft.
August 5, 1915: Warsaw captured by Germans.
August 6, 1915: Ivangorod occupied by Austrians. Gallipoli Peninsula campaign enters a second stage with the debarkation of a new force of British troops in Suvla Bay, on the west of the peninsula. LZ 28 German airship force landed at Plungiany, Russia, due to gunfire damage over Dunamunde. Dismantled by Aug 16, 1918. one man severely injured.
August 8, 1915: Russians defeat German fleet of 9 battleships and 12 cruisers at entrance of Gulf of Riga.
August 10, 1915: LZ43 German airship towed into Ostend after gunfire damage over England and burned while being dismantled.
August 15, 1915: National registration begins in Great Britain.
August 16, 1915:”Arabic”, White Star liner, sunk by submarine off Fastnet 44 lives lost, 2 Americans.
August 21, 1915: Italy declares war on Turkey.
August 24, 1915: Germany sends note expressing regret for loss of lives in “Arabic” sinking.
August 25, 1915: Brest-Litovsk, Russian fortress, captured by Austro-Germans.
August 28, 1915: Italians reach Cima Cista, northeast of Trent.
August 30, 1915: British submarine attacks Constantinople and damages the Galata Bridge.
August 31, 1915: Lutsk, Russian fortress, captured by Austrians.
September 1, 1915: German ambassador assures U.S. that German submarines would sink no liners “without warning”.
September 2, 1915: Grodno, Russian Fortress, occupied by Germans.
September 3, 1915: LZ40 German airship struck by lightning and fell in flames off Neuwerk Island. No survivors, 19 dead.
September 4, 1915: Allan liner “Hesperian” sunk by German submarine, 26 lives lost, 1 American.
September 6, 1915: Czar Nicholas of Russia assumes command of Russian armies, Grand Duke Nicholas is transferred to Caucasus.
September 7, 1915: German note on “Arabic” sinking.
September 8, 1915: U.S. demands recall of Austro-Hungarian ambassador.
September 15, 1915: Pinsk occupied by Germans.
September 16 1915: Vilna evacuated by Russians.
September 17, 1915: Lutsk recaptured by Russians.
September 25, 1915: Allies open Loos offensive on western front and occupy Lens.
September 27, 1915: Lutsk again falls to Germans.
Octber 5, 1915: Greece becomes political storm center with Franco-British forces landing at Solonika, Greek ministry resigns. German note disavowed responsibility for sinking “Arabic” and offer to pay indemnities.
October 9, 1915: Belgrade again occupied by Austro-Germans.
October 11, 1915: Zaimis, new Greek premier, announces policy of armed neutrality.
October 12, 1915: Edith Cavell, English nurse, shot by Germans for aiding British prisoners to escape from Belgium.
October 13, 1915: London bombarded by Zeppelins, 55 people killed, 114 injured.
October 14, 1915: Bulgaria declares war on Serbia, Italians capture Pregasina, on the Trentino frontier.
October 15, 1915: Great Britian declares war on Bulgaria.
October 16, 1915: France declares war on Bulgaria, Serbia declares war on Bulgaria.
October 18, 1915: Bulgarians cut the Nish-Salonika railroad at Vranja.
October 19, 1915: Russia & Italy declare war on Bulgaria.
October 20, 1915: German note to U.S. on evidence in “Arabic” case.
October 22, 1915: Uskub occupied by Bulgaria.
October 28, 1915: Pirot captured by Bulgarians.
October 29, 1915: Briand becomes premier of France, succeeding Viviani. Germans start Ypres Offensive.
October 30, 1915: British lose Gheluvelt to Germans.
October 31, 1915: British 1st Corps recaptures Gheluvelt.
November 1, 1915: Wytschaete Ridge lost to Germans.
November 5, 1915: Nish, Serbian war capital, captured by Bulgarians.
November 6, 1915: Ancona, Italian liner, torpedoed in Mediterranean.
November 10, 1915: Germans fire-bomb Ypres, then continually bombard the town into ruins through Nov 23, 1915.
November 17, 1915: Anglo-French war council holds first meeting in Paris. LZ52 German airship burned in inflation accident in “Toska” shed in Tondern, 1 dead, 7 injured.
November 20, 1915: Novibazar occupied by German troops.
November 21, 1915: Ctesiphon, near Bagdad, captured by British forces in Asia minor.
November 23, 1915: Italians drive Austrians from positions on Carso Plateau.
November 24, 1915: Serbian government transferred to Scutari, Albania.
December 1, 1915: British Mesopotamian forces retire to Kut-el-Amara.
December 2, 1915: Monastir captured by Central powers, Serbians evacuate.
December 3, 1915: U.S. demands recall of German Naval & Military attache.
December 4, 1915: Henry Ford, with party of peace advocates, sails for Europe on chartered steamer “Oscar II” with object of ending the war.
December 9, 1915: Allied retreat in Macedonia.
December 10, 1915: Serbia in enemy hands, Allied forces abandon last positions and retire across Greek border.
December 15, 1915: Sir Douglas Haig succeeded Sir John French in command of British Army in France and Flanders.
December 19, 1915: British withdraw from Anzac and Sulva Bay on Gallippoli, endind Dardanelles expedition.
December 21, 1915: Robertson becomes British Chief of Staff.
December 22, 1915: Henry Ford returns to U.S.
January 11, 1916: Greek island of Corfu falls to French.
January 13, 1916: Cettinje, capital of Montenegro, falls.
January 23, 1916: Scutari, Albania, taken by Austrians.
January 29, 1916: German Zeppelins bomb Paris and London.
February 1, 1916: “Appam”, British liner, brought into Norfolk, Va., by German prize crew.
February 2, 1916: LZ54 German airship lost in Noth Sea returning from raid on England, 16 dead, no survivors.
February 9, 1916: General Smuts appointed to East Africa.
February 10, 1916: German note to neutral powers that armed merchant ships will be sunk without warning. British conscription law goes into effect.
February 15, 1916: Secretary Lansing states that commercial vessels had right to carry arms in “self-defence”.
February 16, 1916: Russians capture Erserum in Turkish Armenia.
February 17, 1916: LZ 27 German airship lost in forced landing at Blaavands Huk, Denmark, 11 interned, 4 missing.
February 19, 1916: Kamerum, German colony in Africa, taken by British.
February 21, 1916: Battle of Verdun commences, Germans take Haumont.
February 25, 1916: Ft. Douamont falls to Germans in Verdun battle.
February 27, 1916: Durazzo, Albania, occupied by Austrians.
March 5, 1916: “Moewe”, German raider, reaches home port after cruise of several months.
March 8, 1916: German ambassador sends memorandum claiming that submarines were not bound by international law.
March 9, 1916: Germany declares war on Roumania and Portugal(after they refuse to give up seized ships).
March 15, 1916: Austria-Hungary declares war with Portugal
March 16, 1916: Admiral von Tirpitz dismissed
March 24, 1916: French ship “Sussex” torpedoed without warning, about 80 people killed or wounded(no Americans).
March 31, 1916: Melancourt taken by Germans in Verdun battle.
April 10, 1916: German note on sinking of “Sussex”.
April 18, 1916: Russians capture Trebizond on Black Sea. U.S. note tells Germany that unless present methods of submarine warfare were abandoned, diplomatic relations would be severed.
April 19, 1916: President Wilson addresses Congress on relations with Germany.
April 20, 1916: Russian troops land in Marseille for service with French on Western front.
April 24, 1916: Rebellion breaks out in Dublin, Ireland. Republic declared, Patrick Pearse announce first president.
April 29, 1916: General Townshend’s force of 9,000 British soldiers surrender to Turks at Kut-el-Amara.
April 30, 1916: Irish rebellion ends with unconditional surrender of Pearse and other leaders, who are tried by Court-martial and executed.
May 3, 1916: LZ59 German airship forced landing in Norway after raid on England. 6 repatriated, 10 interned.
May 4, 1916: German note acknowledges sinking of “Sussex”. LZ32 German airship shot down in flames off Horns Reef by H.M. cruisers “Galetea” and “Phaeton”. Finished off by H.M. submarine E.31. Eleven dead, seven prisoners.
May 8, 1916: U.S. reply to German note of May 4th states that the U.S. would not make German fulfillment of U.S. conditions dependent upon negotiations between U.S. and other powers. “Cymric”, White Star liner torpedoed off Irish coast.
May 14, 1916: Italian positions penetrated by Austrians.
May 15, 1916: Vimy ridge gained by British.
May 24, 1916: British conscription bill passed.
May 26, 1916: Bulgarians invade Greece and occupy forts on the Struma.
May 31, 1916: Naval battle of Jutland, heavy losses on both sides.
June 5, 1916: Lord Kitchner lost at sea when cruiser “Hampshire” is sunk by mine off the Orkney Islands, Scotland.
June 6, 1916: Cadorna made Italian Commander-in-Chief. Germans capture Fort Vaux in Verdun attack.
June 8, 1916: Lutsk, Russian fortress, recaptured from Germans.
June 14, 1916: Allied Economic Conference in Paris.
June 17, 1916: Czernowitz, capital of Bukowika, occupied by Russians.
June 21, 1916: Mecca taken by Grand Sherif, U.S. demands apology and reparation for German attack on American ship “Petrolite”. Allies demand Greek demobilization.
June 27, 1916: King Constantine demobilizes Greek Army.
June 28, 1916: Italians storm Monte Trappola, in the Trentino district.
July 1, 1916: British and French forces attack north and south of the Somme.
July 9, 1916: “Deutschland”, German submarine frieght boat, docks at Baltimore, Maryland.
July 14, 1916: British cavalry penetrate German second line.
July 15, 1916: British capture Longueval on the Somme
July 25, 1916: Pozieres captured by the British.
July 30, 1916: British and French forces advance between Delville Wood and the Somme.
August 3, 1916: French recapture Fleury.
August 9, 1916: Italians capture Goritzia.
August 10, 1916: Stanislau captured by Russians.
August 25, 1916: Kavala, Greek seaport, taken by Bulgarians.
August 27, 1916: Roumania declares war on Austria(Allies of Austria also consider it a declaration).
August 28, 1916: Italy declares war on Germany. Von Hindenburg made German Chief of Staff.
August 29, 1916: Austria declares war on Roumania.
August 30, 1916: Roumanians advance in Transylvania.
August 31, 1916: Bulgaria declares war on Roumania, Turkey declares war on Roumania.
September 2, 1916: Bulgarian forces invade Roumania along the Dobrudja frontier.
September 13, 1916: Italians defeat Austrians on the Carso.
September 14, 1916: Germany declares war on Roumania.
September 15, 1916: First use of tanks by British, capturing Flers, Courcelette, and other German positions.
September 16, 1916: LZ 31 German airship burned in Fuhlsbuttel shed in an inflation accident.
September 24, 1916: LZ74 German airship shot down in flames at Graet Burstead y British aircraft, 22 dead, no survivors. LZ76 forced down by gunfire at Little Wigborough, 22 prisoners.
September 26, 1916: Combles and Thiepval captured by British and French.
September 29, 1916: Roumanians begin retreat from Transylvania.
October 2, 1916: LZ72 German airship shot down in flames at Potters Bar by British aircraft, 19 dead, no survivors.
October 7, 1916: German submarine sinks British steamer off American coast.
October 24, 1916: Ft. Douaumont recaptured by French.
October 28, 1916: British steamer “Marina” sunk without warning, 6 Americans lost.
November 1, 1916: “Deutschland”, German merchant submarine, arrives at New London, Conneticutt.
November 2, 1916: Ft.Vaux evacuated by Germans.
November 7, 1916: Woodrow Wilson re-elected President.
November 13, 1916: British advance along the Ancre.
November 18, 1916: Serbians and French capture Monastir, evacuated by Germans and Bulgarians.
November 21, 1916: Charles I succeeds Francis Josef as Emperor of Austria. “Britannic”, mammoth British hospital ship, sunk by mine in Aegean sea.
November 23, 1916: German warships bombard English coast.
November 27, 1916: LZ78 German airship shot down in flames off Hartlepool by British aircraft, 20 dead, no survivors.
November 28, 1916: Provisional Government of Greece declares war on Germany & Bulgaria. Roumanian government transferred to Jassy. LZ61 German airship shot down in flames off Lowestoft by British planes after raid on England, 17 dead, no survivors.
November 29, 1916: U.S. protested against Belgian deportations. Sir David Beatty takes command of British Grand Fleet. “Minnewaska”, Atlantic transport liner, sunk by mine in Mediterranean.
December 1, 1916: Allied troops enter Athens to insist upon surrender of Greek arms and munitions.
December 5, 1916: Asquith ministry fell, Lloyd George new Prime Minister.
December 6, 1916: Bucharest, capital of Roumania, captured by Austro-Germans.
December 12, 1916: German peace proposals.
December 13, 1916: Joffre relieved by General Nivelle.
December 14, 1916: British ship “Russian” sunk in Mediterranean, 17 Americans lost.
December 15, 1916: French retake ground captured by the Germans at Verdun.
December 20, 1916: President Wilson’s peace note to belligerents.
December 26, 1916: German reply to Wilson’s peace note suggesting peace conference.
December 28, 1916: LZ53 and LZ69 German airshipd burned in “Toska” shed by accident.
December 30, 1916: German peace offer answered by French on behalf of “Allies” and refused “empty and insincere”.
January 1, 1917: Turkey denounced Berlin treaty and declares independence of suzerainty of European powers. “Ivernia”, Cunard liner, sunk in Mediterranean. German submarines and mines have sunk 5,034,000 tons of Allied shipping to this date.
January 10, 1917: Allied governments state peace terms, demanding from Germany “restoration, reparation, indemnities”.
January 22, 1917: President Wilson suggests to belligerents a “peace without victory”.
January 31, 1917: Germany announces unrestricted submarine warfare.
February 1, 1917: Germany begins “unrestricted” U-boat warfare in war zone around British Isles.
February 3, 1917: America breaks with Germany and dismisses Count Von Bernstorff.
February 7, 1917: “California”, Anchor line, is sunk off Irish coast. LZ82 German airship lost in forced landing at Rehben-an-der Aller after severe damage in crash on ice of Weser Estuary.
February 13, 1917: “Afric”, White Star liner sunk by submarine.
February 17, 1917: British troops on the Ancre capture German positions.
February 24, 1917: General Sir Stanley Maude retakes Kut-el-Amara.
February 25, 1917: “Laconia”, Cunard liner, sunk off Irish coast.
February 26, 1917: President Wilson asks authority to arm merchant ships.
February 28, 1917: “Zimmermann note” made public, in which Germany proposes an alliance with Mexico, offering as a reward the return of Mexico’s lost territories in Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona. Submarine campaign of Germans results in the sinking of 134 vessels in February.
March 3, 1917: British advance on Bapaume. Mexico denies having received an offer from Germany.
March 8, 1917: Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin dies.
March 10, 1917: Russian Czar suspends sittings of the Duma.
March 11, 1917: British forces under Gen. Maude capture Baghdad. Revolutionary movement starts in Petrograd.
March 12, 1917: Revolution in Russia.
March 14, 1917: China breaks with Germany
March 15, 1917: Czar Nicholas abdicates, Prince Lvoff heads new cabinet.
March 17, 1917: Baupaume falls to British, Roye and Lassigny occupied by French. LZ86 German airship shot down in flames by AA fire at Compiegne, Framce. 17 dead, no survivors.
March 18, 1917: Peronne, Chaulnes, Nesle, and Noyon evacuated by Germans, who retire on 85 mile front to Hindenburg Line. “City of Memphis”, “Illinois”, and “Vigilancia”, American ships, torpedoed
March 19, 1917: Alexander Ribot becomes French premier, succeeding Briand.
March 21, 1917: “Healdton”, American ship, bound from Philadelphia to Rotterdam, sunk without warning, 21 men lost.
March 22, 1917: U.S. formally recognizes new Russian government.
March 24, 1917: American minister and Relief Commission withdraw from Belgium.
March 26, 1917: British begin advance on Cambrai.
March 31, 1917: At this date, the Regular U.S. Army stands at 128,000 men, and the National Guard at 182,535 men.
April 1, 1917: “Aztec”, American armed merchantman, sunken submarine zone. LZ41 German airship decommissioned in Hage, dismantled there beginning Nov 24, 1917.
April 5, 1917: “Missourian”, American steamer, sunk in Mediterranean.
April 6, 1917: The United States declares War on Germany.
April 7, 1917: Cuba & Panama declare war on Germany.
April 8, 1917: Austria-Hungary severs relations with U.S.
April 9, 1917: Germans retreat before British on long front. Bolivia breaks with Germany. Canadians attack Vimy ridge and capture front line.
April 10, 1917: Canadians secure Vimy ridge after all night fighting.
April 13, 1917: Vimy, Givenchy, Bailleul, and positions about Lens taken by Canadians.
April 20, 1917: 20. Turkey breaks with the U.S.
April 21, 1917: Turkey severs relations with U.S.
April 30, 1917: LZ45 German airship Decommissioned in Hage. Dismantled there beginning Dec 11,1917.
May 4, 1917: American destroyers begin to cooperate with British Navy.
May 9, 1917: Liberia breaks with Germany.
May 11, 1917: Russian Council of Workmen’s and Soldiers’ Delegates demands peace conference.
May 14, 1917: LZ64 German airship shot down in flames off Texel by British flying boat, 21 dead, no survivors.
May 15, 1917: General Petain succeeds General Nivelle as French Commander-in-Chief. General Foch appointed Chief of Staff.
May 16, 1917: Bullecourt captured by British in the Arras battle.
May 17, 1917: Russian government reconstructed with Kerensky as Minister of War. Honduras breaks with Germany.
May 18, 1917: Selective Service act passed in the U.S.
May 19, 1917: Nicaragua breaks with Germany.
May 22, 1917: Italians advance on the carso.
May 28, 1917: General Pershing and 190 American soldiers leave for France on board USS Baltic from New York.
June 1, 1917: Third battle of Ypres begins (approx.).
June 3, 1917: “Root Mission” lands at Vladivostok
June 5, 1917: Registration day for new draft army in the U.S.
June 7, 1917: British blow up Messine Ridge, south of Ypres, and capture Messines-Wytschaete ridge.
June 12, 1917: King Constantine of Greece forced to abdicate.
June 13, 1917: Pershing reaches France w/his contingent, including Sgt Edward Rickenbacker as his chauffeur, and 1st Lt. George S. Patton.
June 14, 1917: LZ92 German airship shot down in flames of Vlieland by British aircraft, 24 dead, no survivors.
June 15, 1917: First U.S. “Liberty” Loan, 2 Billion offered, 3 Billion subscribed.
June 17, 1917: LZ88 German airship crashed at Nordholz, fell at Neuenwalde, dismantled.
June 18, 1917: Haiti breaks with Germany.
June 27, 1917: First Americans land in France at St.Nazaire, 4,000 Marines & 11,000 Army, to form the 1st Division, U.S Army regulars, and the 4th Marine Brigade of the 2nd Division.
June 29, 1917: Greece enters war against the Central Powers, General Allenby made commander in Egypt
July 1, 1917: Last Russian offensive began by Kerensky in Galicia
July 2, 1917: Greece (Government of Alexander) declares war on Bulgaria & Germany.
July 6, 1917: Canadian House of Commons passes Compulsory Military Service Bill.
July 12, 1917: King Constantine of Greece abdicates in favor of his son Alexander.
July 14, 1917: Bethmann-Hollweg dismissed as German chancellor, succeeded by Dr. George Michaelis.
July 16, 1917: Russians begin retreat on 155 miles front.
July 20, 1917: Kerensky succeeds Prince Lyov as Premier of Russia. American conscription begins with drawing of draft numbers.
July 22, 1917: Siam declares war against Germany & Austria.
July 24, 1917: Russians defeated in Galicia. Austro-Germans retake Stanislau.
July 30, 1917: Mutiny erupts in German fleet in Wilhelmshaven and Kiel.
July 31, 1917: Franco-British attack penetrates German lines on a 20 mile front.
August 1, 1917: Pope Benedict XV makes plea for peace on the basis of no annexation, no indemnity.
August 3, 1917: Czernowitz captured by Austro-Germans.
August 4, 1917: China & Liberia declared war on Austria & Germany.
August 7, 1917: Liberia declared war on Germany.
August 8, 1917: Canadian Conscription Bill passes its third reading in Senate.
August 10, 1917: Food and Fuel control bill passed by U.S. Congress.
August 14, 1917: China declares war with Germany and Austria-Hungary.
August 15, 1917: St.Quentin Cathedral destroyed by Germans, Hill 70 (Loos), dominating Lens, captured by Canadians.
August 19, 1917: Italians cross the Isonzo and take Austrian positions.
August 21, 1917: LZ66 shot down in flames of Lyngvig, Denmark by British plane, 18 dead. no survivors.
August 27, 1917: President Wilson rejects peace note of Pope Benedict, dated August.
September 3, 1917: Germans capture Riga.
September 5, 1917: New American National Army begins to assemble in the different cantonments.
September 7, 1917: “Minnehaha”, Atlantic transport liner sunk off Irish coast.
September 8, 1917: “Spurlos Versenkt” dispatches made public.
September 12, 1917: Argentine dismisses Von Luxburg, German minister, on charges of improper conduct made public by United States Government.
September 14, 1917: Paul Painleve becomes becomes French premier, succeeding Ribot.
September 15, 1917: Russian republic proclaimed by Kerensky.
September 20, 1917: Costa Rica breaks with Germany.
September 21, 1917: Gen.Tasker H. Bliss named Chief of Staff of the United States Army.
September 25, 1917: Guynemer, French pilot killed.
September 26, 1917: Zonnebeke, Polygon Wood and Tower Hamlets east of Ypres, taken by British.
September 28, 1917: William D. Hayward, secretary, and 100 members of the Industrial Workers of the World arrested for sedition.
September 29, 1917: Turkish Mesopotamian army, under Ahmed Bey, captured by British.
October 1, 1917: In October, the American Mission Mallet Reserve was organized from Americans veterans in France, mostly American Field Service personnel.
October 6, 1917: Peru and Uruguay break with Germany.
October 9, 1917: Poelcapelle and other German positions captured in Franco-British attack.
October 16, 1917: Germans complete capture of Oesel and Dago, Russian Islands in Gulf of Riga.
October 17, 1917: “Antilles”, American transport, westbound for France, sunk by submarine 67 lost.
October 18, 1917: Moon Island, in Gulf of Riga, taken by Germans.
October 19, 1917: LZ50 German airship wrecked on landing at Nordholz, 5 injured.
October 20, 1917: LZ93 German airship shot down in flames by AA fire at St.Clement, France, 18 dead, no survivors.
October 23, 1917: Battery C, 6th U.S.Field Artillery fired the first shot of the war for the United States at 6:10 AM near the town of Luneville in the Toul Sector. French advance northeast of Soissons.
October 24, 1917: Italians defeated at Caporetto by Austro-Germans.
October 25, 1917: Italians retreat across the Isonzo and evacuate the Bainsizza Plateau.
October 26, 1917: Brazil declares war on Germany.
October 27, 1917: Second U.S. Liberty Loan, 3 Billion offered, over 4 Billion subscribed. Goritzia recaptured by Austr-Germans.
October 30, 1917: Michaelis dismissed as German chancellor, succeeded by Count George F. von Hertling.
October 31, 1917: By this date, the “FIRST 100,000”, designated by a bullion star above their overseas stripes, had reached France, to include the 1st, 2nd, 26th, & 42nd Divisions. Italians retreat to the Tagliamento. Beersheba, in Palestine, occupied by British.
November 1, 1917: Germans retreat from Chemin de Dames ridge.
November 3, 1917: First American casualties of the war. Three U.S. soldiers of the 16th Inf., 1st Division killed near Bathalemont in German trench raid.
November 5, 1917: Italians abandon Tagliamento line and retire on a 93-mile front in the Carnic Alps.
November 6, 1917: Passchendaele captured by Canadians. British Mesopotamian forces reach Tekkit, 100 mikes northwest of Baghdad.
November 7, 1917: Bolsheviks seize Petrograd, overthrow Kerensky, Lenin and Trotsky in power.
November 9, 1917: Italians retreat to the Piave.
November 10, 1917: Lenin becomes Premier of Russia succeeding Kerensky.
November 13, 1917: Georges Clemenceau becomes French premier, succeeding Painleve.
November 16, 1917: British in Palestine take Jaffa.
November 17, 1917: LZ 62 German airship Decommissioned in Seerappen, broken up 1920, parts delivered to Belgium.
November 18, 1917: General Maude dies in Mesopotamia.
November 21, 1917: Ribecourt, Flesquieres, Havrincourt, Marcoing and other German positions captured by British.
November 23, 1917: Italians repulse Germans on the whole front from the Asiago Plateau to the Brenta River.
November 24, 1917: Cambrai menaced by British, approaching within 3 miles capturing Bourlon Wood. LZ75 German airship decommissioned in Seddon. Broken up in 1920, parts delivered to Japan.
November 29, 1917: First plenary session of Interallied War Council held in Paris.
December 1, 1917: German East Africa reported completely conquered. Allied Supreme War Council, representing the United States, France, Great Britian and Italy, holds first meeting at Versailles 3. Russian Bolsheviki arrange armistice with Germans.
December 5, 1917: British retire from Bourlon Wood, Graincourt and other positions west of Cambrai.
December 6, 1917: U.S. destroyer “Jacob Jones” sunk by submarine, 60 American lives lost. Steamer “Mont Blanc”, loaded with munitions, explodes in
collision with the “Imo” in Halifax Harbor, 1500 persons killed.
December 7, 1917: U.S. declares war on Austria-Hungary. Finland declares Independence
December 8, 1917:8. Jerusalem, held by Turks for 673 years, surrenders to British under Gen. Allenby. Ecuador breaks with Germany.
December 10, 1917: Panama declares war on Austria-Hungary.
December 15, 1917: Armistice between Germany and Russia signed at Brest-Litovsk.
December 16, 1917: Cuba declares war on Austria-Hungary
December 17, 1917: Coalition government of Sir Robert Borden is returned and conscription confirmed in Canada.
January 1, 1918: 41st U.S. arrives in France.
January 7, 1918: U.S. Supreme Court declares Selective Service Act constitutional.
January 8, 1918: President Wilson sets forth U.S. war aims in “14 points” speech.
January 14, 1918: Premier Clemenceau orders arrest of former Premier Caillaux on high treason charge.
January 19, 1918: American troops take over sector northwest of Toul.
January 20, 1918: The First Army Corps organized under Lt.Gen.Hunter Liggett & Major General J.T.Dickman. During the Meuse-Argonne offensive in Sept, 1918, the 28th, 35th, 77th, 82nd, and 92nd Divisions were attached to this Corps. Breslau sunk by British in Dardanelles and Goeben forced to run aground.
January 22, 1918: The 2nd Corps organized under Maj.Gen. George W. Read, being composed mostly of 27th and 30th Divisions who operated with the 4th and 2nd British Army.
January 24, 1918: Hertling replies to President Wilson’s War Aims speech.
January 28, 1918: German air raids on London for two nights, revolution in Finland, and “White” and “Red” guards clash.
January 29, 1918: Italians capture Monte di val Belle.
January 30, 1918: German air raids on Paris.
February 1, 1918: Germany recognizes government of Ukraine. Argentine Minister of War recalls military attaches from Berlin and Vienna.
February 3, 1918: American troops officially announced on Lorraine front near Toul.
February 5, 1918: British transport “Tuscania” torpedoed off Ireland with 2,179 U.S. troops on board, 211 of which are lost.
February 6, 1918: Major General March appointed acting Chief of Staff.
February 9, 1918: Ukraine makes Brest-Litovsk peace treaty with Germany, Bolsheviki declare war ends on Feb 19th and demobilization is ordered.
February 18, 1918: Germany declares Russian armistice at end and invade Russia.
February 20, 1918: 32nd & 42nd Divisions reach France.
February 21, 1918: British capture Jericho.
February 22, 1918: American troops move into Chemin de Dames sector.
February 23, 1918: Turkey begins Caucasus offensive against Russia.
February 26, 1918: British hospital ship “Glenart Castle” torpedoed.
February 27, 1918: Japan proposes joint military operations with Allies in Siberia
March 1, 1918: Americans gain signal victory in salient north of Toul.
March 3, 1918: Peace treaty between Bolsheviki government of Russia and the Central Powers signed at Brest-Litovsk.
March 5, 1918: Roumania forced to sign preliminary peace treaty with Germany.
March 7, 1918: Finland signs a peace treaty with Germany.
March 9, 1918: Russian capital moved from Petrograd to Moscow.
March 11, 1918: Great German air raid on Paris.
March 13, 1918: Germans occupy Odessa on Black Sea.
March 14, 1918: Hill 265 of Le Mort Homme captured, which began a bloody ordeal of 6 months fighting to take and hold the hill. First concrete ship “Faith” launched on Pacific Coast.
March 15, 1918: Brest-Litovsk treaty(signed by Bolsheviki on March 3) ratified by Soviet Congress at Moscow.
March 18, 1918: Allies denounce Brest-Litovsk Treaty and refuse to accept the terms.
March 20, 1918: 20. President Wilson orders all Holland ships in American ports taken over.
March 21, 1918: First great German drive begins the Somme Offensive on fifty mile front from Arras to Le Fere.
March 23, 1918: Saturday: German Paris Gun #1 fired on Paris at 75 miles away, which is the first time since 1870 that Paris was shelled. First shell fell at 0720 hrs 16 rounds were fired.
March 24, 1918: Palm Sunday: Paris Gun #1 & #3 continued to shell Paris.
March 25, 1918: Monday: Paris Gun #1 & #3 shell Paris with Gun #3 exploding at round #3, 17 men from the Krupp works were killed or wounded. Only 7 shots were fired in all.
March 26, 1918: Tuesday: Paris Gun #1 dismantled & sent to Krupp to be rebored.
March 27, 1918: Wednesday: Paris Gun #3 dismantled.
March 28, 1918: General Foch made Allied Commander-in-Chief of all Allied Forces.
March 29, 1918: Good Friday: First 4 shots fired from Paris Gun #2. One shot hits a the Church of St.Gervais, full of worshippers, killing 60 people, the most devastating shot of any fired on Paris.
March 30, 1918: Saturday:
March 31, 1918: Sunday: Paris gun #2 fires 3 shots.
April 1, 1918: Monday: Paris gun #2 fires 4 shots.
April 2, 1918: Tuesday: Paris gun #2 fires 4 shots in the morning & evening. It refrained from firing in the afternoon as a general funeral was being held for those killed at the Church on Good Friday.
April 3, 1918: Wednesday: Paris gun #2 fires 3 shots.
April 4, 1918: 3rd U.S. Division arrive in France.
April 5, 1918: Japanese forces land at Vladivostok.
April 6, 1918: Saturday: Paris gun #2 fires 9 shots.
April 7, 1918: Sunday: Paris gun #2 fires 1 shot, the last of 48 shots fired, with gun being condemned.
April 8, 1918: Second German offensive in Flanders(Lys) begins on 30 mile front.
April 10, 1918: First German drive halted before Amiens after 35 mile advance.
April 11, 1918: Thursday: Paris Gun #5 fires 6 shells into Paris, average range 75.1 miles.
April 12, 1918: Friday: Paris Gun #5 fires 7 shots.
April 13, 1918: Saturday: Paris Gun #5 fires 4 shots. 77th U.S.Division arrives in France.
April 14, 1918: Sunday: Paris gun #5 fires 7 shots.
April 15, 1918: Monday: Paris Gun #5 position deluged with shells, firing suspended. Second German drive halted at Ypres after 10 mile gain.
April 16, 1918: Tuesday: Paris Gun #5 fires 9 shots. Bolo Pasha (condemned February 14th) executed by firing squad for treason against France.
April 19, 1918: Friday: Paris Gun #5 fires 3 shots.
April 20, 1918: Saturday:
April 21, 1918: Sunday: Paris Gun #5 fires 2 shots.
April 22, 1918: Guatemala declares war on Germany and Austria-Hungary. British naval raid on Zeebrugge and Ostend. German ace, Baron von Richthofen, killed by ground fire.
April 24, 1918: Wednesday: German tanks are used for the first time in an attack on Amiens along with 28 German Divisions. Paris gun #5 fires 1 shot.
April 25, 1918: Thursday: Paris gun #5 fires 7 shots. Mt.Kemmel is taken by the Germans with 6,000 French prisoners. The U.S. first Division relieves a French division before Amiens.
April 26, 1918: Friday: Paris gun fires 2 shots.
April 27, 1918: Saturday: Paris gun fires 2 shots. Germans launch a general attack on the Lys front.
April 30, 1918: Tuesday: Paris gun fires 3 shots.
May 1, 1918: Wednesday: Paris gun fires 3 rounds. The gun was now worn out after firing 64 shots. Since March 23rd, 183 shells had been fired, and 8 air raids dropped 318 bombs since January. 5th U.S.Division arrives in France along with the 78th Division (in May).
May 4, 1918: Third U.S. Liberty Loan, 3 billion offered, over 4 billion subscribed
May 7, 1918: Roumania signs peace treaty with Central Powers, Nicaragua declared war on Germany and her Allies.
May 9, 1918: The Third Corps organized, and at the Argonne Offensive consisted
of the 1st, 3rd, 4th, 33rd, and 80th Divisions.
May 10, 1918: 27th U.S.Division arrives in France.
May 11, 1918: 35th U.S.Division arrives in France.
May 14, 1918: Italians raid Pola Harbor and torpedo Austrian battleship, Caucasia proclaims independence, Kaiser recognizes independence of Lithuania, allied to Germany.
May 17, 1918: 4th & 82nd U.S.Divisions arrives in France.
May 18, 1918: 28th U.S.Division arrives in France.
May 19, 1918: Major Roul Lufberry, American aviator, killed.
May 20, 1918: Hill 295 on Le Mort Homme reached. Overman bill signed.
May 21, 1918: British transport sunk with loss of 53 American soldiers.
May 23, 1918: Costa Rica declares war on Germany and Austria-Hungary.
May 24, 1918: 30th & 33rd U.S.Division arrives in France. Nicaragua declared war on Germany.
May 25, 1918: German submarines begin attacks off American coast, sinking 19 coast wise vessels.
May 27, 1918: Monday: 15 shells from 9.45 ” rebored Paris gun #6 kills 4 & wounds 20 Parisians. Third German offensive along the Aisne begins on 30 mile front between Soisson and Rheims.
May 28, 1918: Tuesday: Gun #6 fires 10 shells. 1st Division goes “over the top” at 0630 and captures Cantigny. Germans sweep beyond Chemin de Dames and cross the Vesle in Fisme, pushing the Allies back to the Marne.
May 29, 1918: Wednesday: At 0645 the American 28th Infantry, with the 26th in support, go “over the top” at Cantigny for the first time in an offensive operation. Paris gun #6 fires 12 shells. Soisson evacuated by French. LZ79 German airship decommissioned, hung in “Norbert” shed, wrecked by air crew on June 23, 1919.
May 30, 1918: Thursday: Paris gun #6 fires 9 rounds, killing 12 and wounding 4. In the evening, the Germans drop six 220 pound bombs, one 660 pound bomb that rocks the city, and four 22 pound bombs on Paris. 80th U.S.Division arrives in France.
May 31, 1918: Friday: Paris gun #6 fires 6 shells, no casualties. U.S. transport “President Lincoln” sunk on return trip to U.S., 23 lives lost. Germans cross Marne, reaching Chateau-Thierry, 40 miles from Paris
June 1, 1918: Saturday: Paris gun #6 fires 8 shells, no casualties. Another 660 pound bomb rocks Paris from a giant German bomber. Germans held in check at Chateau-Thierry by American troops.
June 2, 1918: Schooner “Edward H. Cole” torpedoed by submarine off American coast.
June 3, 1918: Monday: Paris gun #6 fires 6 shells, killing 2 & wounding 10. American Marines and regulars check German advance at Chateau-Thierry and Neuilly after advance of 32 miles. Beginning of American co-operation on major scale.
June 4, 1918: Tuesday: Paris gun #6 fires 4 shells, killing 4 & wounding 16.
June 7, 1918: Friday: Paris gun #6 fires 6 shells, killing 1 & wounding 4.
June 8, 1918: Saturday: Paris gun #6 fires 6 shells, no casualties.
June 9, 1918: Sunday: Paris gun # 6 fires 12 shells, killing 1 & wounding 9. Fourth German Offensive begins on 16 mile front between Noyon and Montdidier on the Oise, maximum advance is 5 miles.
June 10, 1918: Monday: Paris gun #6 fires 5 shells, killing 3 & wounding 13.
June 11, 1918: Sunday: Paris gun #6 fires it’s last single shell, no casualties. U.S forces take Belleau Wood.
June 15, 1918: Austrian offensive against Italy begins.
June 20, 1918: The 4th Corps organized, during the Argonne-Meuse, the 2nd, 5th, 42nd, 78th, 89th, and 90th Divisions were in this Corps.
June 21, 1918: Last of 83rd & 89th Divisions arrive in France.
June 23, 1918: 37th & 90th U.S.Division arrives in France. Austrians defeated and driven back across the Piave River with heavy losses.
June 27, 1918: 29th U.S.Division arrives in France.
June 30, 1918: American troops in France number 1,019,115 in all departments.
July 1, 1918: American transport “Covington” homeward bound sunk off French coast with loss of 6 lives. Vaux taken by Americans.
July 3, 1918: General March announces over 1,000,000 U.S. troops are in France.
July 4, 1918: President Wilson’s Mt. Vernon speech.
July 10, 1918: The 5th Corps organized, during the Argonne-Meuse, it consisted of the 29th, 32nd, 37th, 79th, and 91st Divisions. Czecho-Slovaks, aide by Allies, take control of a long stretch of the Trans-Siberian Railway.
July 11, 1918: American supply ship “Westover” torpedoed with loss of 10 lives.
July 12, 1918: 91st U.S.Division arrives in France. Berat, Austrian base in Albania, captured by Italians.
July 15, 1918: 79th U.S.Division arrives in France. Haiti declares war on Germany. Fifth and last German offensive begins in Champagne on 50 mile front, Second Battle of the Marne.
July 16, 1918: Nicholas Romanoff, ex-Czar shot of Russia, executed at Yekaterinburg. Austrian Premier, Burian, states that Austria accepts U.S. terms and is ready to discuss peace.
July 17, 1918: Duval, editor of “Bonnet-Rouge”, executed for treason, in Paris. Lt. Quentin Roosevelt, youngest son of President Roosevelt, killed in aerial battle near Chateau-Thierry
July 18, 1918: Foch’s Franco-American counterattack begins the Aisne-Marne Battle.
July 19, 1918: 92nd U.S.Division arrives in France. Honduras declared war on Germany. American cruiser “San Diego” sunk off Fire Island with loss of 8 lives.
July 20, 1918: “Carpathia”, Cunard liner, used as transport, torpedoed of Irish coast. The “Carpathia” saved most of the “Titanic” survivors.
July 22, 1918: Honduras declared war on Germany.
July 23, 1918: 6th U.S.Division arrives in France.
July 29, 1918: 42nd U.S. Div. takes Sergy.
July 30, 1918: 32nd U.S. Div. takes Grimpettes woods.
July 31, 1918: 36th U.S.Division & last of 76th Division arrive in France. President Wilson takes over telephone and telegraph lines.
August 1, 1918: The 6th Corps organized, comprised of 92nd, 88th, 7th, 28th, 5th, and 33rd Divisions.
August 2, 1918: French retake Soissons.
August 5, 1918: Paris gun fired 17 shots on Paris, U.S. troops land at Archangel.
August 6, 1918: Paris gun fired 18 shots on Paris, Yanks take Fismes on the Vesle.
August 7, 1918: Paris gun fired 12 shots on Paris, the 61st from one gun. 77th U.S Div. crosses the Vesle.
August 8, 1918: Paris gun fired 5 shots on Paris. British use 435 tanks to break through the lines West of Amiens. This was known as “Black Day” for the German Army. Allies in Picardy take 24,000 men & 300 guns in 3 days.
August 9, 1918: Paris gun fired 12 shots.
August 10, 1918: First Army organized under command of General Pershing.
August 11, 1918: 7th Division arrives in France.
August 12, 1918: Paris gun was removed, bombardment was over. 85th U.S.Division arrives in France.
August 15, 1918: Yanks and Japanese land at Vladivostok.
August 16, 1918: Bapaume recaptured. 81st U.S.Division arrives in France.
August 20, 1918: French advance between Oise & Aisne. 40th U.S.Division arrives in France. 7th Corp organized, consisting of 6th, 81st, and 88th Division in the Vosges sector in Sept., 1918. Le Mort Homme finally taken after savage battles.
August 21, 1918: Allies recapture Lassigny.
August 30, 1918: Germans drive across the Somme.
August 31, 1918: 1,533,000 U.S. troops in France.
September 1, 1918: Yanks take Voormezeele in Belgium, French retake Peronne.
September 4, 1918: Germans retreat from the Vesle.
September 6, 1918: Allies advance on 90 mile front in Picardy, French and U.S. take Aisne heights.
September 7, 1918: 39th U.S.Division arrives in France.
September 8, 1918: British regain positions lost in March, Yanks cross Aisne canal. LZ 46 German airship decommissioned. On June 23, 1919 it was wrecked by airship crews in Nordholz, “Nora” shed.
September 9, 1918: Last of 88th U.S.Division arrives in France.
September 12, 1918: FIRST all-American offensive at St.Mihiel.
September 14, 1918: St.Mihiel salient smashed, 16,000 prisoners, 443 guns taken, Yanks within cannon shot of Metz. 87th U.S.Division arrives in France.
September 15, 1918: Last night air raid on Paris, 50 planes taking part, dropping 22 bombs. Yanks begin advance thru Verdun sector. Austrian peace note.
September 17, 1918: Allied Macedonian offensive begins.
September 25, 1918: Yanks extend line Westward past Verdun to Vienne le Chateau. Bulgaria proposes armistice.
September 26, 1918: Yanks go “over the top” at 0530 hours to begin first phase of the Argonne-Meuse offensive.
September 27, 1918: Yanks advance in Argonne, British take 45,000 Turks in Palestine.
September 28, 1918: Yanks take 10,000 prisoners in Argonne. Fourth battle of Ypres begins.
September 29, 1918: 27th & 30th U.S. Div. smash Hindenburg line.
September 30, 1918: Bulgaria surrenders to Allies. Damascus captured.
October 1, 1918: French take St. Quentin, 1,976,000 U.S. troops in France.
October 2, 1918: 2nd and 36th U.S. Divisions on Rheims front. “Lost Battalion”, 308th Inf., begins it’s 5 day ordeal in Argonne Forest.
October 3, 1918: Turks sue for peace.
October 4, 1918: Argonne advance resumes for second phase of a 27 mile drive, 5th U.S. Corps takes Gesnes. King Ferdinand of Bulgaria abdicates.
October 5, 1918: 2nd U.S. Division takes Blanc Mont(Rheims sector), Germans abandon Lille.
October 7, 1918: Austrian note to President Wilson.
October 8, 1918: 5th U.S. Corps takes Fleville in the Argonne, U.S. refuses Armistice, 2nd U.S. Div. takes St.Etienne. “Lost Battalion” relieved. Sgt.Alvin York, Co.G, 328th Inf., captures 4 officers and 128 men at Chateau-Thierry, to become the highest decorated U.S. soldier of WWI. Germans send first peace note to President Wilson.
October 9, 1918: 3rd U.S. Corps takes Brielles in Argonne, 36th U.S. Div. Crosses Aisne. Cambrai retaken.
October 10, 1918: Allies take Le Cateau, Yanks clear Argonne. 2nd Army formed under Lt.General Robert Lee Bullard.
October 11, 1918: U.S. transport Otranto torpedoed.
October 12, 1918: Second German note to President Wilson.
October 13, 1918: French take Laon and La Fere.
October 14, 1918: 1st U.S.Corps take Juvin, 5th U.S.Corps smashes Kriemhilde Line, Hindenburg line pierced. Ostend, Lille, and Douai retaken.
October 15, 1918: British & Belgians cross Lys, taking 12,000 prisoners.
October 17, 1918: Allies take Lille, Bruges, Ostend, Zeebrugge.
October 18, 1918: Czech-Slovaks revolt, seize Prague.
October 19, 1918: U.S. rejects Austrian peace plan, U.S. 4th Liberty Loan oversubscribed. 38th U.S.Division arrives in France.
October 20, 1918: Belgium coast cleared of Germans
October 21, 1918: Allies cross the Oise. President Wilson sends note to Austria. Germans send third note.
October 22, 1918: British cross the Scheldt.
October 23, 1918: U.S. rejects German peace plea, Italian Offensive begins.
October 24, 1918: Yanks advance to line of Bantheville. Jugo-Slav state proclaimed.
October 25, 1918: Ludendorff resigns.
October 26, 1918: Allies capture Aleppo.
October 27, 1918: Berlin asks for truce terms in fourth note to President Wilson, Austria begs for peace.
October 28, 1918: Vienna begs for separate peace. 86th U.S.Division arrives in France. Italians cross Piave River, Czecho-Slovak State proclaimed.
October 29, 1918: Second Austrian note to President Wilson.
October 30, 1918: Italians route Austrians, 33,000 prisoners. October 31, 1918: Turkey surrenders, Italians take 50,000 Austrians, U.S. has 1,977,000 troops in France.
November 1, 1918: Final and Third phase of Argonne drive begins. Versailles conference opened.
November 3, 1918: Austria surrenders to Allies, 37th & 91st U.S.Divisions reach Audenarde. Mutiny at Kiel.
November 4, 1918: Berlin sends truce mission to Foch. Versailles armistice agreement made.
November 5, 1918: 3rd U.S. Corps forces passage of Meuse. President Wilson replies to fourth German note.
November 6, 1918: Allies advancing from Belgium border to Meuse, Yanks occupy Sedan, German retreat line seized, German’s get Foch’s truce terms.
November 7, 1918: Bavarian republic proclaimed.
November 8, 1918: Bavaria deposes King Ludwig.
November 9, 1918: Yanks fight thru Meuse hills to the North of Metz. Revolution in Berlin. 10th U.S.Division arrives in France, the last division to land. Balance of 31st Division arrives in France. Kaiser abdicates, Berlin in revolution, State of Wurtemberg proclaimed. LZ91 German airship decommissioned, wrecked by crews at Nordholz “Nougat” shed June 23, 1919.
November 10, 1918: Kaiser & crown prince flee to Holland.
November 11, 1918: Canadians take Mons. Firing along front lines ceases at 1100 hrs. Armistice Agreement signed in the Railway car of Marshall Foch at Compiegne Forest. One of the German emissaries is reported to have said “We do not regard ourselves defeated…” America’s Regular U.S. Army numbers 3,638,434 men, of which 2,003,935 were abroad in the A.E.F., and 1,634,499 were equipped and training in the United States. Over 20,000,000 men were registered and ready for induction. The Red Cross numbered 19,928,022 members.
November 12, 1918: Emperor Charles of Austria abdicates.
November 14, 1918: 3rd Army(Army of Occupation) formed under Major General Joseph T. Dickman.
November 15, 1918: LZ80 German airship broken up at Juterbog.
November 17, 1918: State of Hungary proclaimed.
November 26, 1918: The 9th Corps organized, consisting of 33rd, 25th, 79th, and 88th Divisions.
November 29, 1918: The 8th Corps organized, consisting of 6th, 77th, and 81st Divisions.