$2,850.00

In stock

SKU: GB11325 Category: Product ID: 12386

Description

HORN, BRITISH REVOLUTIONARY WAR RIFLEMEN, CIRCA 1776. THIS HORN CAME OUT OF COLLECTION IN THE MID 1990’S BEFORE P76 RIFLES HAD BEEN IDENTIFIED. AS MORE WAS DISCOVERED ABOUT “RIFLES” BY DEWITT BAILEY (JUST MAKING HIS BOOK “BRITISH MILITARY RIFLES” IN 2002 WITH INFORMATION WE HELPED PROVIDE) IT WAS LEARNED THAT THESE HORNS WERE SUPPLIED ONLY TO RIFLEMEN USING EITHER THE P76 OR FERGUSON RIFLES. THE FAMOUS “DE LOUTHERBURG” 1776 SKETCHES SHOW FERGUSON’S RIFLEMEN WITH THESE HORNS.  THIS “63FT” MARKED HORN (WITH TWO “DOTS” BENEATH THE “FT”) INDICATES ISSUE TO IT’S 2ND BATLN THAT BECAME PART OF THE NEW 2ND LIGHT INFANTRY BRIGADE ARMED WITH RIFLES. PRIOR TO RECEIVING RIFLES THE 63RD (RAISED IN 1758) HAD A LONG BATTLE RECORD IN AMERICA. IT ARRIVED AT BOSTON IN 1775 AND SERVED AS A FLANK COMPANY IN THE BUNKER HILL AND LONG ISLAND CAMPAIGNS. IN EARLY 1776 (JUST PRIOR TO THE LONG ISLAND CAMPAIGN) ALL OF THE FLANK COMPANIES OF HOWE’S 8 BATALLIONS (GRENADIERS & LIGHT INFANTRY – 63RD INCLUDED) WERE FORMED INTO 4 LIGHT COMPANIES. THE 63RD’S LIGHT COMPANIES BECAME PART OF THE 2ND LIGHT INFANTRY BRIGADE FORMING 2 BATALLIONS WITH THEIR NEW RIFLES). THEY FOUGHT AT BRANDYWINE AND PAOLI IN 1777. UPON EVACUATING PHILADELPHIA THE 63RD RETURNED TO NEW YORK IN 1778 AND THEIR LIGHT COMPANIES ALONG WITH THE QUEEN’S RANGERS TURNED THE LEFT FLANK OF THE AMERICANS AT MONMOUTH COURTHOUSE. IN 1779 THE 63RD LANDED AT STONEY POINT, NY AND PARTICIPATED IN ITS CAPTURE (IN WHICH WE KNOW THE RIFLES PARTICIPATED). THEY WERE NOT AT THE FORT WHEN IT WAS RETAKEN BY THE REBELS ON JULY 15TH BUT DID PARTICIPATE IN ITS RECAPTURE IN MARCH OF 1780. IT THEN WENT SOUTH WITH FERGUSON’S UNIT TO PARTICIPATE IN THE SIEGE OF CHARLESTON. AFTER THAT A “CONSIDERABLE PORTION” OF THE 63RD BECAME MOUNTED INFANTRY (PROBABLY ONLY THE RIFLEMEN) UNDER MAJOR WEMYSS, SERVING UNDER TARLTON IN MANY OF HIS CAMPAIGNS. IN S.C. THEY PARTICIPATED IN SKIRMISHES AT  FISHDAM FORD, BLACKSTOCK’S HILL, HOBKIRK’S HILL, AND EUTAW SPRINGS. AFTER THE BATTLE OF KING’S MOUNTAIN, WHICH ENDED THE SOUTHERN CAMPAIGN, THE UNIT WAS SENT TO THE WEST INDIES FOR THE REMAINDER OF THE WAR. THE EARLIEST KNOWN DATED HORN OF THIS TYPE IS A “PATTERN PIECE” DATED 1759. THIS MAY HAVE BEEN WHEN IT WAS OFFICIALLY ADOPTED FOR RIFLEMEN USE SINCE A SMALL CONTINGENT OF BRITISH RIFLEMEN WORKED WITH ROBERT ROGERS IN THE FRENCH AND INDIAN. THIS IS THE ONLY KNOWN RIFLEMAN’S HORN TO DATE THAT CAN BE DIRECTLY LINKED TO A BRITISH RIFLEMAN AND SAW USE CAMPAIGNS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION.